Final Report – November 2016
Mapping and analysis of the implementation of the CAP, financed by the European Commission, was carried out by ECORYS, the Institute for European Environmental Policy and Wageningen University and Research.
The study has three main objectives: (1) to map the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) by the 28 Member States, focusing on their implementation choices, the motivation for these choices and the importance attached to the three CAP general objectives; (2) to develop a typology for grouping Member States according to these choices; and (3) to answer the evaluation questions related to relevance, coherence, conditions for enabling effectiveness, administrative burden and contribution to the EU2020 strategy.
In agreement with the provisions from the Article 110 of the Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013, the study has been carried out in relation to the three general objectives of:
Viable food production, with a focus on agricultural income, agricultural productivity and price stability;
Sustainable management of natural resources and climate action, with a focus on greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, soil and water; and
Balanced territorial development, with a focus on rural employment, growth and poverty in rural areas.
This study is the first that provides an exhaustive review of the choices that have been made by the 28 Member States in both Pillar 1 and Pillar 2. It focuses exclusively on an analysis of the choices that have been made by the Member States: it does not analyse the uptake of the measures by farmers or other rural beneficiaries. The analysis is limited to the implementation modalities of Direct Payments (Reg. 1307/2013), on articles 14, 17-26, 28-29 and 35 of Rural Development Policy (Reg. 1305/2013) and on certain elements of Regulations 1303/2013 (the “Common Provisions Regulation”) and 1306/2016 (the “Horizontal Regulation”).